Branch of medicine specialising in the anatomy, function and diseases of the eye. Ophthalmologists specialise in the medical and surgical treatment of eye disorders, vision measurements for glasses (refraction), eye muscle exercises (orthoptics), and the prevention of blindness and care of the blind. Some of the major causes of blindness in adults are cataract, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, senile macular degeneration, retinal detachment and opacities of the cornea.
Cataract is the loss of transparency of the lens in the eye; it may follow injury, infection, or aging.
Glaucoma occurs when the pressure inside the eye becomes so high that it damages the optic nerve.
In diabetic retinopathy, blood cells and serum leak out of the blood vessels and damage the retina.
Retinal detachment occurs when the retina is separated from the underlying choroid and sclera, the fibrous base of the eye.
The most frequent causes of visual loss in childhood are trauma to the eye and amblyopia.
The ability to adjust focus from far to near gradually decreases with age.
- Minimally Invasive Retinal Surgery
- Endoscopic Retinal Surgery
- Subretinal Surgery/ Retinal Rotation
- Surgical Management of Uveitis
- Surgical Management of Ocular Trauma
- Surgery for Proliferative Retinal Diseases (Diabetic Retinopathy, PDR, and Vitreoretinopathy, PVR.)